Many friends are perplexed about the selection of golf cart batteries, and they do not know how to choose the battery. therefore, let us simply explain the differences between all types of golf cart batteries.Lead-acid, absorbed glass mat (AGM), and lithium-ion are the three main types of golf cart batteries in the golf cart battery industry.

US-lead-ciad-battery US-AGM_battery GeePower-Lithium-battery
US Battery Lead-acid Series US Battery AGM Series GeePower Lithium Battery Series

Lead-acid batteries are first-generation rechargeable power units that have been in use for more than 150 years. While lead-acid batteries are still very much around and doing great, more serious competition emerged from the latest battery technologies, including lithium batteries and absorbed glass mat (AGM).

Absorbed glass mat batteries or AGM batteries, became popular in the 1980s. AGM batteries are a low-maintenance alternative to flooded lead-acid batteries. They are made to run electronics for longer periods of time while supplying strong bursts of starting amps.

The rechargeable battery chemistry most frequently used today is lithium-ion. Lithium-ion batteries power everyday devices such as mobile phones and electric vehicles.

About maintenance for three main types of golf cart batteries


For lead-acid batteries to last longer, they must be regularly watered. Watering caused the electrolytes to split into hydrogen and oxygen, releasing a hazardous gas that needed to be ventilated. Due to the loss of many molecules during evaporation, this process lowers the water levels in the battery. Watering maintenance is not required for Absorbent Glass Mat (AGM) batteries or Li-ion batteries. This relieves us of the worry that our carelessness will seriously harm the battery.

About battery charging speed for three main types of golf cart batteries

Golf cart lithium batteries charge more quickly. The usage, charging, and cooling down process of lead batteries and absorbed glass mat batteries takes a long time, reducing efficiency. Say it was used for six hours, charged for 8 hours, and took 6 hours to cool down. However, lithium batteries charge quickly and do not require any cooling time. Like, you use it for eight hours, charge for one hour, and use it again for eight hours. Thus, you can complete the majority of the work without having to wait for the battery to charge.

It is important to note that lead-acid batteries emit sulfuric acid-containing gas during charging. This is harmful to human respiratory cells and the body as a whole.

About Running Status for three main types of golf cart batteries


Compared to AGM batteries and lead-acid batteries, Equipping a lithium battery into a golf cart enables it to significantly increase its weight-to-performance ratio. Lithium-Ion golf cart batteries are half the weight of a traditional lead-acid battery, which shaves off two-thirds of the battery weight a golf cart would normally operate with. It means the golf cart can reach higher speeds with less effort and carry more weight without feeling sluggish to the occupants.

The weight-to-performance ratio difference lets the lithium-powered cart carry an additional two average-sized adults and their equipment before reaching carrying capacity. Because lithium batteries maintain the same voltage outputs regardless of the battery’s charge, the cart continues to perform after its lead-acid counterpart has fallen behind the pack. In comparison, lead acid and Absorbent Glass Mat (AGM) batteries lose voltage output and performance after 70-75% of the rated battery capacity is used, which negatively affects carrying capacity and compounds the issue as the day wears on.

About the cost of three main types of golf cart batteries


Although ordinary lead-acid batteries are the least expensive in terms of price, their maintenance costs and lifespan are the most problematic. At the same time, there are numerous risks, such as the production of toxic flammable gas and the leakage of the phosphoric acid solution, which are always lurking dangers that need to be avoided.

AGM batteries are cost-effective and require no maintenance, but they fall short of lithium batteries in terms of experience and battery life. AGM batteries are appropriate for users who do not frequently use golf carts or forklifts and do not have high power requirements.

Lithium-ion batteries are more expensive, but the battery does not require maintenance. They will outperform lead-acid and AGM batteries in terms of usage and endurance. When the battery cannot be used as a battery (battery capacity is less than 80%), it can be reused for other applications, such as grid energy storage. Suitable for vehicles with higher power requirements and more regular use.

About Cycle life (useful lifespan) for three main types of golf cart batteries


All other factors being equal, a lithium battery is 4-6 times more valuable and sustainable than any lead-acid battery, including AGM and Lead-acid versions. The majority of lead-acid batteries (including AGM batteries) are rated for 600 cycles at 50% Depth of Discharge (DoD), but many lithium batteries are rated for 2000 cycles at 100% DoD. Having a few lead-acid batteries per golf cart or forklift generates far more waste than a single-battery operation with a lithium battery, which may outlive the lead-acid and be repurposed for other applications, like grid energy storage.

Sponsored by:GeePower

Go to GeePower electric battery manufacturer, which has lithium batteries for forklifts and golf carts, if you’re looking for powerful batteries for your vehicle or forklift. You can get in touch with them if you need to acquire or repair lithium-ion batteries for electric golf carts. Visit for more details.